Forced Dispersion: A Demographic Report on Human Status in Syria

Forced Dispersion: A Demographic Report on Human Status in Syria

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This report diagnoses the population question in Syria before and during the crisis, by means of a rights-based participatory methodology. This diagnosis has involved a recalculation of some of the significant demographic indicators for the period prior to the crisis, including birth, mortality, and fertility rates, with one result being that population issues have been re-read from a different perspective. To overcome the lack of theoretical and applied studies and research during the crisis, this report used the results of a field multi-purpose survey. This survey was designed and implemented in order to achieve an in-depth understanding of the population status in the shadow of the crisis, together with the risks associated with its continuation, and to develop future alternatives toward ending the crisis and reducing its impact.

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Author's Info

The Syrian Center for Policy Research (SCPR) is an independent, non-governmental, and non-profit research center; which undertakes public policy oriented research to bridge the gap between research and policy making process. SCPR aims to develop a participatory evidence-based policy dialogue to achieve policy alternatives that promote sustainable, inclusive, and human-centered development.


To find out more, visit SCPR’s website: http://scpr-syria.org/



Table of Contents

The Report Team5


Executive Summary7


I. Methodology for the Human Status Reports Collected in Syria15

II. Literature Review of the Population Issue22

III. The Demographic Status in Syria before the Crisis29

a) The main population characteristics | 29

b) Reproductive health and fertility | 44

c) Morbidity and mortality | 50

d) Internal and external migration | 55

IV. The Demographic Status during the Crisis59

a) Demographic indicators and characteristics | 61

1) Population size and growth | 61

2) Fertility and reproductive health | 62

3) Changes in marriage and divorce trends | 68

4) Crude mortality rate | 70

5) Life expectancy | 73

6) Population distribution and density | 75

b) Population map in Syria | 76

1) Population inside Syria | 78

2) Population outside Syria | 87

V. Toward Participatory Population Policies94

Results and Conclusions103



Appendix 1: The Population Status Survey 2014 | 114

Appendix 2: Comparison between Previous and Adjusted Demographic

Indicators | 126

Appendix 3: Life Table 2010 | 128

Appendix 4: Population by Governorates and Residency Status (Mid 2014) | 130

Appendix 5: IDPs Matrix by Governorates | 132

Appendix 6: Population and IDPs Characteristics by Governorates |  133

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