NEW BOOKS (2013-2014)
Jil Oslo: Palestinian Hip Hop, Youth Culture, and the Youth MovementBy Sunaina Maira
The Palestinian youth movement and the protests of 2011-12 brought renewed attention to youth as a force of political change. Palestinian youth were, and continue to be, engaging in political mobilization, applying new strategies against colonial dispossession and displacement. Meanwhile, young Palestinian artists are using various media to engage with important questions of national identity and nationhood. Yet the specter of youth still retains its association with rebelliousness, activism “without ideology,” malleability, irrational violence, and unruliness. Jil Oslo: Palestinian Hip Hop, Youth Culture, and the Youth Movement situates Palestinian youth within the political and material realities that generated what had been glossed over as “alienation,” which propelled them to take to the streets. The post-Oslo moment heightened the contradictions of living in a state without sovereignty in the West Bank and Gaza for all Palestinians, including youth. The Oslo-generation youth, particularly those who are in their late teens to mid-twenties today, have come of age in a very different political reality than the previous generation. The supposed political withdrawal of youth has to be understood in a historical context in which youth are not represented in the “leadership and decision-making” of the Palestinian national movement.
Aborted State? The UN Initiative and New Palestinian JuncturesEdited by Noura Erakat and Mouin Rabbani
As the 1993 Oslo Agreement approaches its twentieth anniversary, it has failed, even as an interim arrangement, to affect Israeli occupation, Palestinian statehood, or Israeli-Palestinian peace. Twenty years since the handshake on the White House lawn consecrated this agreement, the prospect of ending Israel’s colonial domination of the Palestinian people appears exponentially more remote than it did in 1993. Driven to despair by Israel and the Americans and feeling the pressure to act before others act against them, the Palestinian leadership turned to the United Nations. What some denounced as a tactical ploy to revive rather than replace the Oslo process, others lauded for its potential to internationalize the question of Palestine and see off the formula of fruitless bilateralism and destructive US diplomatic hegemony that had prevailed since the early 1990s. Aborted State? The UN Initiative and New Palestinian Junctures is a collection of essays comprising commentary and analysis published in Jadaliyya during 2011-2012 as the Palestinian bid at the United Nations unfolded. This book examines the UN initiative from the key perspectives of strategy and leadership; international law and statehood; US foreign policy; and representation. It also includes more recent material from the 2012 sequel to the 2011 initiative and relevant appendices.
Reading Ibn Khaldun in Kampala (forthcoming)By Mahmood Mamdani
Eurocentrism offers a universal history of reason that is anchored in ancient Greek society. Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah, on the other hand, offers a discourse on human reason while calling on us to de-center Greece-focused Eurocentrism. In Reading Ibn Khaldun in Kampala, Mahmoud Mamdani invites us to reflect on alternatives to Eurocentrism by exploring the study of Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah in a contemporary university in Kampala, Uganda. He poses a simple question: why would a reading of a fourteenth century North African text be of interest to academics in twenty-first century Kampala? In this short study, Mamdani uses the medieval text to pose questions about Afrocentrism and how to historicize Africa prior to the Atlantic slave trade. The book also touches on the use of oral tradition as a resource in writing African and regional histories, and on thinking about difference in today’s Africa. Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah helps us think beyond conventional post-Enlightenment binaries such as religion and reason and has the potential to foster reflection on the pre-modern (religion/ethnicity) and the modern (nation).
By Khalil Bendib
Too Big To Fail (forthcoming)
Starting with corruption, winding past the ongoing Arab uprisings, and ending at race and racism in the United States, political cartoonist Khalil Bendib offers his sharp visual critique on the most important contemporary issues. Too Big To Fail presents the cartoonist’s social and political commentary about a broad range of issues, united in their importance and controversy. The visual elements of this book of political cartoons are paired with introductions written by Bendib that explain both his own creative process in thinking about and producing these cartoons, while exploring the issue he draws about. The visual critique combined with the textual explication is a creative and exciting pedagogical tool for educators. Too Big To Fail will maintain its appeal for a long time to come, as Bendib has looked beyond the most controversial, but also chose the most persistent social issues of our time.
NEW JADMAG ISSUES (2013)
Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula
Edited by Rosie Bsheer and John Warner
Despite the sophisticated, critical, and oft-politically engaged literature emerging from and about the Arabian Peninsula the region remains marginalized, in multiple ways, within academic and popular analyses. Theorizing the Arabian Peninsula addresses the ways in which frameworks of knowledge production have not only obscured social realities there, but also contributed to their construction. While our roundtable contributors--activists, journalists, artists, and scholars such as Toby Jones, Adam Hanieh, Neha Vora, and others--approach this project from a number of different disciplinary perspectives and theoretical standpoints, several key themes surface from their critical engagements. The challenge for us, here, is to reconceptualize our objects of analysis to illuminate these power relations and the multiple ways in which they have effected far-reaching transformations of the political, cultural, and material infrastructures of everyday life in the Arabian Peninsula. Approaching knowledge, space, identity, economy, and the political as contested and historically constituted—as the contributors to this roundtable urge us to—thus serves to relocate the peninsula within broader circuits of power, capital, labor, migration, and religion, from which they have long been analytically severed.
Beyond Dominant Narratives on the Western Sahara
Edited by Samia Errazzouki and Allison L. McManus
Since the mid-twentieth century, the Western Sahara conﬂict has witnessed the brutal repression of activists and numerous other human rights violations against the Sahrawi people. As a result, it has caused the disruption of untold families while incurring extremely high costs for the UN in attempts to maintain stability through humanitarian aid, peace-keeping missions, and facilitating numerous failed dialogues between the parties. To make better sense of the long, complex, and largely marginalized conﬂict, this pedagogy publication offers a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of the Western Saharan conﬂict and the discourses surrounding it. Contributors include Stephen Zunes who sheds light on Morocco’s policies towards the territory and its people, including human rights abuses and policies of settlement; John Entelis who explores the Western Sahara’s signiﬁcance for the region; Aboubakr Jamaï and Ali Anouzla who underscore the intensiﬁcation of the call for self-determination; Allison L. McManus who places the conﬂict in a global context, examining the role of the United Nations; Samia Errazzouki who examines the discourse surrounding the conﬂict as a political tool that comes at the expense of the Sahrawi population; and Andrew McConnell whose photo-essay offers a unique perspective of life in the refugee camps.
Edited by Noura Erakat
In November 2012, Israel began an aerial bombing campaign against the Gaza Strip that lasted eight gruesome days. Even in its first hours, and before its full magnitude was known, the military campaign sparked urgency amongst observers because of the memory it evoked. In the winter 2008/09, Israel conducted a twenty-two day military offensive against the besieged territory. The offensive, infamously known as Operation Cast Lead, killed some 1,300 Palestinians including 280 children, and destroyed twenty-nine schools, sixty police stations, thirty mosques, and 2,400 homes. Thirteen Israelis were killed during the offensive including three civilians, and four soldiers who were killed by friendly fire. Israel’s military attack unleashed an unprecedented amount of lethal force that raised a slew of moral, political, and legal controversies. Four years later, observers braced themselves for a similar campaign. Operation Pillar of Cloud was not as devastating or long-lasting as its most recent predecessor, but it marked an equally significant juncture in the history of the Palestinian-Israel Conflict. This pedagogy publication examines the November 2012 military offensive and unpacks historical legacies, legal questions, media portrayals, and political considerations. In doing so, the publication helps create a context for the attack and considers possibilities for the future of the conflict and the balance of power in the Middle East more generally.
“Resistance Everywhere”: The Gezi Protests and Dissident Visions of Turkey
Edited by Anthony Alessandrini, Nazan Üstündağ, and Emrah Yildiz
This collection focuses on the Gezi Park protests, which erupted in late May and led to ongoing nation-wide resistance in opposition to the majority government of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. This volume, designed specifically for use in the classroom, features articles from Jadaliyya’s coverage of the events of summer 2013 in Turkey, plus a selection of pieces from the previous three years that provide background and context. It provides an introduction to recent events in Turkey, which have already made history. It also works to situate these events in their global and local contexts, contributing to ongoing debates about state-citizen relations, regimes of state control, and forms of dissident and collective political action that continue to generate tectonic transformations throughout the region.
The Afterlives of the Algerian Revolution
Edited by Muriam Haleh Davis
In July 2012, Algeria celebrated its fiftieth anniversary of independence, which signaled the victory of the FLN (National Liberation Front) over the French army. Despite five decades of Algerian independence, much of the work done on Algeria continues to focus on the colonial period. This pedagogical publication seeks to interrogate Algerian history since 1962 and considers how the revolution unleashed multiple socio-political dynamics that continue to mark contemporary Algeria. These articles demonstrate that the revolution was not merely a historical bookmark, but rather produced repertoires of contestations, ideas about a “social contract,” and served as the basis for legitimacy that could be later “confiscated.” As Algerian president Abdelaziz Bouteflika runs for a controversial fourth term in April 2014, these articles offer a timely view into the historical construction of the Algerian state since 1962.